Biodiversity data of vertebrate fossils is important information source for studying earth history and life evolution. The species list of vertebrate fossils is an essential basis for studying the diversity of global vertebrate fossils. Reviewing new taxa and literature on vertebrate fossils can reveal the research hotspots of vertebrate fossils diversity and grasp disciplinary development directions on a time scale. Based on the DeepBone Database, this study reviews the annual variation characteristics of taxa and literature, distribution countries of the holotype, published journals, and significant contributing institutions of new taxa on the different categories of global vertebrate fossils during 2017-2021 using bibliometrics analysis. The result shows that 2662 new taxa emerged, and 1946 literature were published on global vertebrate fossils during 2017-2021. New taxa and literature on vertebrate fossils have decreased since the outbreak of COVID-19 at the end of 2019. Countries with a high distribution of the holotype of new taxa for global vertebrate fossils during 2017-2021 and are rich in vertebrate fossil resources, are strong in the economic and scientific research, mainly including the United States, China, New Zealand, Argentina, and Germany. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Cretaceous Research, Historical Biology, PeerJ, and Journal of Systematic Palaeontology are the prominent journals
on new taxa of vertebrate fossils. The institutions with a high contribution to the new taxa for vertebrate fossils are the Chinese Acad Sci, Russian Acad Sci, Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Nat Hist Museum, and the research cooperations of various institutions are very close. The study of taxonomy on vertebrate fossils in China has reached a high level in the world. We should continue to strengthen the accumulation of primary data on vertebrate fossils diversity to provide the DeepBone database for exploring the origin and evolution of bio diversity in the future.