[an error occurred while processing this directive] 高校地质学报 1999, 5(4) 448-458 DOI:     ISSN: 1006-7493 CN: 32-1440/P

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贵州盘县火铺茅口组微相组合及其沉积环境研究
施贵军 杨湘宁 刘家润 孙历
南京大学地球科学系
摘要: 根据贵州火铺茅口组剖面的实际材料,采用聚类分析等方法对该地茅口组的沉积环境进行了详细研究。综合分析结果表明,火铺茅口组存在8种微相类型,它们分别代表浪基面以下静水,盐度正常的浅海,高能浅滩,水循环受阻的泻湖等环境的沉积。微同的纵向分布规律显示,剖面中,下部以开阔台地沉积环境为主,上部为开阔台地到局限台地过渡带的沉积,其环境经历了开阔浅海逐渐变浅的过程。在此变化过程中。茅口早期处于海侵入高峰阶段.海水相对较豫。海底水动荡条件较弱、氧音量偏低。底牺生物音量相应较低;茅口中期海水以较浅-中等探度为主。水体清清,循环良好、盐度正常、营养充分、生物丰富,总体反映了开阔台地浅海为主的环境特征;茅口晚期,海水变浅、循环受阻、盐度不稳定以及蕞类的繁荣产生耗氧等导致海洋环境中主要因子发生恶化,生物含量显著下降。
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STUDY ON ASSEMBLAGES OF MICROFACIES AND SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENT OF THE MAOKOU FORMATION IN HU0PU AREA,PANXIAN, GUIZHOU PR0VINCE
Shi Gui-jun1, Yang Xiang-ning1, Liu Jia-run1, Sun Li2
1. Department of Earth Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093; 2.Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044
Abstract: Comprehensive studies have been conducted to investigate sedimentary environment of the Maokou Formation in Huopu section. Panxian, Guizhou province. The results of this study revealed that there are 8 microfacies in the Mnokouan of Huopu area, which represent respectively the sedimentations of low energy environment below the wave base, epeiric sea with normal salinity, beach with hi energy and lagoon with restricted circulation, etc. The assemblages and distribution pattern of the microfaeies in the Huopu section demonstrated that the Maokouan sedimentation is dominated by open platform facies in the most time, but the late Maokouml is characterized by a transitional facies from the open platform to restricted platform. A further analysis on the shoaling upward sequence has suggested that the major environmental features changed remarkably during the Maokouan period. In the early Maokouan, transgression reached its climax in this area and the sea level was relatively high. The bottom of the sea in this stage was characterized by low energy and low content of oxygen. Therefore, the fossil benthos was of low abundance. The middle Maokouan deposits are typical open platform sedimentation formed in shallow-medium depth. The marine environment in this stage was characterized by clean water with normal salinity, abundant nutrition and high abundance of organisms. In the late Maokouan, the sea water became shallower and circulation was restricted. High salinity and depletion of oxygen caused by diversification of algae further suggested deterioration of a series of factors in marine environment, which consequently lead to the significant decrease in abundance of marine organisms.
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收稿日期 1999-12-20 修回日期 1999-12-20 网络版发布日期  
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