[an error occurred while processing this directive] 高校地质学报 2018, 24(2) 263- DOI:     ISSN: 1006-7493 CN: 32-1440/P

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本文关键词相关文章
寒武系
仙女洞组
台缘斜坡
碳酸盐岩重力流沉积
发育机制
本文作者相关文章
廖纪佳
马思豪
廖明光*
林丹
PubMed
Article by Liao J
Article by Ma S
Article by Liao M
Article by Lin D
川北下寒武统仙女洞组台缘斜坡碳酸盐岩重力流沉积
廖纪佳,马思豪,廖明光*,林丹
摘要: 基于重力流剖面的野外观察、露头解剖及镜下鉴定等分析手段,对四川盆地北部下寒武统仙女洞组台缘斜坡碳酸盐
岩重力流沉积及发育机制进行了研究。研究区位于仙女洞组,主要沉积粉砂质泥岩、生屑泥晶灰岩、藻灰岩等3种岩石类
型;根据层面上产出形态的不同,将该区碳酸盐岩重力流沉积分为似瘤状碳酸盐岩重力流沉积和角砾型碳酸盐岩重力流沉
积2类。结合露头区重力流沉积物粒度及岩性变化,将碳酸盐岩重力流沉积由下至上划分出5个发育期次,期次内部重力流
沉积物由细变粗,纵向上呈现出明显的叠置关系,与仙女洞组时期所经历的海退环境大致吻合。地震、风暴浪等触发机制
导致台缘斜坡上部松散沉积的灰泥丘块体发生破碎并沿斜坡发生滑塌,伴随水体注入,大块砾石在沉积物—水体混合的环
境中发生破碎搅动,形成大小不等的块体,深水底流等作用对未固结或弱固结的砾屑灰岩进行溶蚀、改造,最终形成了层
面形态特征不同的2类似瘤状碳酸盐岩重力流沉积。角砾型碳酸盐岩重力流沉积则主要是未破碎的巨型灰泥丘块体经搬运
和短距离滑塌,最终与似瘤状砾屑灰岩共同沉积而成。
关键词 寒武系   仙女洞组   台缘斜坡   碳酸盐岩重力流沉积   发育机制  
Characteristics and Developmental Mechanism of the the Early Cambrian Carbonate Gravity Flow Deposits in Platform Marginal Slope of the Northern Sichuan
LIAO Jijia, MA Sihao, LIAO Mingguang*,LIN Dan
Abstract: Based on field survey, outcrop analysis and microscopic observbation, we report the basic characteristics of the carbonate
gravity flow in platform margin in the lower Cambrian Xiannvdong Formation of the Northern Sichuan Basin and address its
developmental mechanism in this paper. Results show that the Xiannvdong Formation typically developed an environment of diamictic
carbonate platform marginal slope in shallow water. The bottom of this formation is mainly composed of three rock types, i.e., silty
mudstones, bioclastic micritic limestones and algal limestones. According to the planar morphologies, two types of carbonate gravityflow deposits were classified, including nodular-like and brecciated. Based on the grain size and lithological variation of the gravity flow
sediments in outcrops, five developmental stages were divided, which show an obvious superposition relationship vertically. The grain
size of these sediments roughly changes from fine to coarse within sedimentary cycles, consistent with the regressive environment of the
Xiannvdong period in general. In the vicinity of the platform marginal slope, slide and slump events occurred due to the triggering of
geological events, e.g., earthquake and storm. The mound and shoal mass moved down along the slope, and some of the blocks migrated
and deposited here, which formed the brecciated carbonate gravity flow deposits. With the increasing injection of water, the amount of
sediment-water mixture and the decomposition of the material rose, and some of the mass were broken and flowed as similar forms of
debris flow along the slope, and then the debris transformed into carbonate gravity flow deposits with plastic rheological characteristics.
Then, these deposits might be reworked by bottom current or experienced corrosion from seawater after deposition to form two types of
nodular-like carbonate gravity flow sediments. In contrast, the brecciated carbonate gravity flow sediments were products of transportation
and short-distance slumping of mega unbroken carbonate mound mass. They are co-deposited with the nodular-like calcirudites.
Keywords: Cambrian   Xiannvdong Formation   platform marginal slope   carbonate gravity flow   developmental mechanism  
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