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Geological Journal of China Universities ›› 2022, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 165-176.DOI: 10.16108/j.issn1006-7493.2021028

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Petrogenesis and Significance of the Guiling Pluton and Its Mafic Microgranular Enclaves

YANG Jinbao1,2,FENG Zuohai1,2*,KANG Zhiqiang1,2,BAI Yanping2,WU Jie2,ZHANG Chenglong2,FENG Meng2#br#   

  1. 1. Collaborative Innovation Center for Exploration of Nonferrous Metal Deposits and Efficient Utilization of Resources,Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China;
    2. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Hidden Metallic Ore Deposits Exploration, College of Earth Sciences,Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China
  • Online:2022-04-20 Published:2022-04-26

Abstract: This paper reports petrological and geochemical studies of the Guiling pluton and its mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) and discusses the early Paleozoic crust-mantle interaction and tectonic setting in the western Nanling Mountains. The results show that the Guiling pluton is mainly composed of the biotite monzonitic granite, with silica content of 70.24%- 75.13% and total alkali content of 7.95%-8.44%. Chondrite-normalised rare-earth element (REE) of the granite shows light REE enrichment (with (La/Yb)N=5.0-8.4) and significant negative europium anomalies (with δEu=0.37-0.58). The A/CNK index of the granite shows metaluminous-weak peraluminous characteristics. K2O content, (87Sr/86Sr)i values and high Rb/Sr values indicate that it is highly fractionated S-type granite of high potassium calc-alkaline series. The MMEs have lower SiO2 content (48.38%- 51.95%) and higher contents of Mg and Fe oxides than the host granite, with Mg# values of 59-67 and total alkali content of 3.81%-5.05%, indicating that they are gabbro and gabbroic diorite of medium potassium calc-alkaline series. The light and heavy REEs of the MMEs have significant fractionation (with (La/Yb)N=11.74-12.12) and only slight negative europium anomalies (with δEu=0.92-0.94). On the characteristics of Sr-Nd isotopic composition, the host granite has lower εNd(t) values (-13.6--5.0) than the MMEs (3.4-3.6), and the crustal model age (1.6-2.3 Ga) of the granite is older than that (0.88-0.89 Ga) of the MMEs which show slight variation (0.706-0.708) of (87Sr/86Sr)i values. The geochemical obtained data in this study suggest that the MMEs were derived from mafic material that was likely associated with the Neoproterozoic lithospheric mantle underplating. Highly partial melting of the material caused by post-collisional extension during the Early Paleozoic time generated mafic magmas. Ascent and emplacement of the mafic magmas triggered partial melting of the Mesoproterozoic metagreywacke at the middle and lower crust levels, producing voluminous granitic magmas that were emplaced to form the Guiling pluton. During ascent and emplacement of the granitic magmas, the mafic magmas were intensively mingled and moderately chemically mixed with the host granitic magmas forming MMEs throughout the pluton.

Key words: Guilin granite pluton, mafic microgranular enclave, crust-mantle interaction, petrogenesis, tectonic setting, Northeast Guangxi

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